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Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report

Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Bonaventure C Onodu, Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Mathew O Sedowo, John N Okuzor, Richard J Culas.

Abstract
Background: Beyond nutritional values are the pharmacological potentials of cassava comparative with other staple carbohydrate plant-based foods such as wheat. The knowledge of applicability to diabetes and its cardiovascular complications management seems not just limited, but unacknowledged. As a preliminary study, a community’s knowledge of pharmacological value of cassava is investigated.
Methods: Descriptive observational study using questionnaire-based ‘cross-sectional’ survey was conducted. 136 participants completed the survey and 101 respondents were selected for evaluation. Open-ended questions were used qualitatively to generate experience and views cassava values for diabetes and dyslipidaemia. While categorical [yes] or [no] questions were used quantitatively to generate numerical results for diabetes, critical reanalysis of a report data was performed, especially comparing carbohydrate/fibre and fat/fibre ratios of cassava with wheat in view of dyslipidaemia.
Result: On the positive side, 42% of the participants believe that cassava has medicinal values. This includes 6% (among the 42) who believes that the plant is useful in treating diabetes and 24% who do not know it may be useful in diabetes management. Critical review show that cassava may contribute up to sixteen times more fibre and four times less digestible sugar; as well as carbohydrate/fibre and fat/fibre ratios being fourteen and fifty-five times less than wheat.
Conclusion: There is evidence that relative to wheat meal, for instance, cassava contributes less fat and much more fibres. Since fat is pro-obesity, which in turn is pro-diabetic/metabolic syndrome, and fibre is anti-dyslipidaemic; cassava has pharmacological values over to be appreciated over some carbohydrate plant-based foods.

Key words: cassava, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, ethnopharmacology, medical nutrition therapy, value chain


 
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Pubmed Style

Nwose EU, Onodu BC, Anyasodor AE, Sedowo MO, Okuzor JN, Culas RJ. Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2017; 6(3): 260-266. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119


Web Style

Nwose EU, Onodu BC, Anyasodor AE, Sedowo MO, Okuzor JN, Culas RJ. Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report. http://www.jicep.com/?mno=259343 [Access: December 11, 2017]. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nwose EU, Onodu BC, Anyasodor AE, Sedowo MO, Okuzor JN, Culas RJ. Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2017; 6(3): 260-266. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nwose EU, Onodu BC, Anyasodor AE, Sedowo MO, Okuzor JN, Culas RJ. Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. (2017), [cited December 11, 2017]; 6(3): 260-266. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119



Harvard Style

Nwose, E. U., Onodu, B. C., Anyasodor, A. E., Sedowo, M. O., Okuzor, J. N. & Culas, R. J. (2017) Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol, 6 (3), 260-266. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119



Turabian Style

Nwose, Ezekiel Uba, Bonaventure C Onodu, Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Mathew O Sedowo, John N Okuzor, and Richard J Culas. 2017. Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology, 6 (3), 260-266. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119



Chicago Style

Nwose, Ezekiel Uba, Bonaventure C Onodu, Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Mathew O Sedowo, John N Okuzor, and Richard J Culas. "Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report." Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology 6 (2017), 260-266. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nwose, Ezekiel Uba, Bonaventure C Onodu, Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Mathew O Sedowo, John N Okuzor, and Richard J Culas. "Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report." Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology 6.3 (2017), 260-266. Print. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nwose, E. U., Onodu, B. C., Anyasodor, A. E., Sedowo, M. O., Okuzor, J. N. & Culas, R. J. (2017) Ethnopharmacological values of cassava and its potential for diabetes and dyslipidaemia management: knowledge survey and critical review of report. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology, 6 (3), 260-266. doi:10.5455/jice.20170606094119





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