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Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach

Olga Pauline Tjeck, Alain Souza, Patrick Mickala, Alexis Nicaise Lepengue, Bertrand M'Batchi.

Abstract
Objective: The present study aimed to survey a wide range of Gabonese plants for their anti-diabetic activity. Materials andMethods: This study focused on the identification of medicinal plants used in the local treatment of diabetes mellitus. We carried out ethnobotanical investigations in rural and urban areas of three provinces of Gabon using a semi-structured interview. Results: Forty-eight plant species belonging to 31 families and 47 genera were recorded, a majority of which have been documented previously to have medicinal properties. Most have documented anti-diabetic properties with characterized therapeutic chemical compounds. Of the plant parts used for treatment, bark was employed most frequently (51%), followed by leaves (29%); the remaining 20% comprised roots, fibers, beans, bulbs, kernels, rhizome, skin and stem. Regarding the mode of preparation, decoction was the most widely used (59%), followed by maceration (17%) and infusion (14%). Almost all the plant products were administered orally (98%). Conclusions: Taken in concert, this study highlights the possibility of exploiting traditional knowledge of specific medicinal plants for the inexpensive treatment and management of diabetes.

Key words: Ethnopharmacology, Bio-efficacy, Medicinal plants, Diabetes mellitus, Gabon


 
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Pubmed Style

Tjeck OP, Souza A, Mickala P, Lepengue AN, MBatchi B. Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2017; 6(2): 206-217. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506



Web Style

Tjeck OP, Souza A, Mickala P, Lepengue AN, MBatchi B. Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach. www.scopemed.org/?mno=252522 [Access: November 19, 2017]. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tjeck OP, Souza A, Mickala P, Lepengue AN, MBatchi B. Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2017; 6(2): 206-217. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tjeck OP, Souza A, Mickala P, Lepengue AN, MBatchi B. Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. (2017), [cited November 19, 2017]; 6(2): 206-217. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506



Harvard Style

Tjeck, O. P., Souza, A., Mickala, P., Lepengue, A. N. & MBatchi, B. (2017) Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol, 6 (2), 206-217. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506



Turabian Style

Tjeck, Olga Pauline, Alain Souza, Patrick Mickala, Alexis Nicaise Lepengue, and Bertrand MBatchi. 2017. Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology, 6 (2), 206-217. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506



Chicago Style

Tjeck, Olga Pauline, Alain Souza, Patrick Mickala, Alexis Nicaise Lepengue, and Bertrand MBatchi. "Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach." Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology 6 (2017), 206-217. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tjeck, Olga Pauline, Alain Souza, Patrick Mickala, Alexis Nicaise Lepengue, and Bertrand MBatchi. "Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach." Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology 6.2 (2017), 206-217. Print. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tjeck, O. P., Souza, A., Mickala, P., Lepengue, A. N. & MBatchi, B. (2017) Bio-efficacy of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Gabon. An ethnopharmacological approach. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology, 6 (2), 206-217. doi:10.5455/jice.20170414055506





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